The study adopted a pre-test and a publish-test design together with fifty eight first-grade pre-service English language teachers in two different classes. The experimental group acquired dialect awareness training supported with WhatsApp for 14 weeks, whereas the control group acquired no training. Data were collected by way of a verbal guise test for evaluating the change in the participants’ attitudes of Russian, British, Turkish, American and Arabic dialects of English. Dialect awareness coaching promoted positive attitudes in direction of all dialects but British, which acquired the higher scores previous to the treatment by way of solidarity, power and speech high quality. These results recommend that language teacher training in linguistic variation has the potential to empower teachers to appreciate and tolerate non-standardised dialects along with lengthy adored standardised dialects.
Our findings correspond with the UTAUT model and provide a practical reference for instructional establishments and determination-makers involved in designing m-studying for implementation in universities. Technological advances have driven huge change in academic practices though concerns exist a couple of lack of proof informing this modification, in particular with social media-based medical schooling actions. The purpose of this study was to conduct a scoping review of WhatsApp use in medical education, narratively describing how it has been used and evaluated, and the theoretical considerations in relevant articles. The use of cell phones whereas driving has triggered tons of accidents, yet so many continue to do it on a regular basis.
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